Disaster Risk Reduction and PreventionLessons from a devastating earthquake in 1988 forced national authorities to reconsider its response to natural disasters in order to reduce related risks for people in Armenia. One of the 60 most disaster-prone countries in the world, Armenia faces a heightened risk of catastrophes including earthquakes, drought and flooding.
Adaptation to Climate Change Impacts in Mountain Forest Ecosystems of ArmeniaArmenia’s forest ecosystems have been identified as a global conservation priority. It has been listed by WWF as a Global 200 Ecoregion, and by Conservation International as a biodiversity hotspot.
Catalyzing Financial Sustainability of Armenia’s Protected Areas SystemArmenia is a developing country where protected area (PA) management is viewed as a fundamental government function. The basic PA legislation is in place, but funds are scarce. The main part of the project is the co-financing of the emerging Caucasus Protected Area Fund (CPAF), currently the Caucasus Nature Fund. The philosophy underpinning the CPAF is that the best way to support the PA system and the bio-diversity it supports is to strengthen the government in its park protection and management functions.
Developing the Protected Area System of ArmeniaArmenia is part of WWF’s “Global 200” and “Caucasus Hotspot”. The National Protected Area System was established in 1958 to protect high number of flora and fauna diversity.
Economic valuation of ecosystem servicesThe overall objective of the project is to equip decision makers and other stakeholders with tools and evidence demonstrating how to incorporate an Ecosystem Services (ES) approach into existing decision-making processes, plans and budgets linking poverty reduction and environmental sustainability. The project builds on the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment approach that expands the focus beyond how development affects ecosystems to include how development depends on ecosystems.
Elimination of Obsolete Pesticide Stockpiles and Addressing POPs Contaminated SitesArmenia still suffers from the legacy of a centralized command economy. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, an Union-wide program was initiated to collect the accumulated banned and expired pesticides from the distribution system and dispose them in landfills or burial sites. In 1990, it was estimated that 600 storehouses existed in Armenia.
Preparation of Armenia’s Third National Communication to the UNFCCCThis nationally executed project aims to respond to the objectives of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in accordance with its commitments as a Party to the Convention. It will enable Armenia to present the updated information on Convention implementation in a consistent, transparent and comparable manner.
Green Urban LightingUrban lighting costs of Armenian municipalities account for more than USD 5 million per annum (power costs and maintenance). The capital city of Yerevan has the largest energy consumption and saving potential in its lighting sector: it accounts for 90 percent of all urban lighting energy use in the country and consume about 56,000 MWh/year.
Improving Energy Efficiency in BuildingsThe objective of the project is to reverse the existing trends and reduce consumption of electrical and thermal energy and associated greenhouse gas emissions in new, restored and primarily residential buildings in Armenia.
Lake Sevan Coastal Zone CleaningThe Government of Armenia continues to take a number of measures to preserve ecosystems of Lake Sevan and its water collection pond, restore ecological balance of the lake and ensure proper and balanced development of biodiversity and sustainable use of natural resources.
Ozone Layer ProtectionIn 2009 the current national consumption of ozone depleting hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) in Armenia was estimated to be about 131 tons. 98 tons of HCFCs were used for refrigeration servicing purposes, 25.5 tons for refrigeration commercial equipment manufacturing and 7.5 tons for manufacturing of foam applications – commercial refrigeration/panels. In total, the ozone depleting potential (ODP) for the HCFCs used in the country was calculated to be 7.83.
Clima East Pilot ProjectThe mountain forest and rangeland ecosystems are an important productive asset for Armenia’s population 50 percent of which lives in rural communities, thus depending on ecosystem goods and services. The latter ensure population well-being and economic development, including agriculture (23 percent of GDP). However, high level of rural poverty rate, poor economic conditions and destruction of infrastructures, along with weak institutional and management capacities in governing structures create cumulative negative impact resulting in degradation of ecosystems, including the loss of vulnerable habitats and species, reduction of ecological functionality and the growing insecurity of ecosystem services.
Mitigation of Climate Change Risks of Rural Communities through Improved Local Development PlanningArmenia is one of the countries at risk of climate change impact and seriously suffers from natural disasters like earthquakes, landslides, mudflows, floods, hail, drought, and soil erosion. The recognition of the climate change risks and considering the strategies aimed at minimizing negative impacts on communities and economies fields, particularly in agriculture is of great importance for Armenia.
Armenia’s First Biennial Update Report 2014 to the UNFCCCArmenia’s First Biennial Update Report 2014 to the UNFCCC will build on the findings and recommendations of Third National Communication. It will update national greenhouse gas inventory, provide information on progress in GHG mitigation policies and actions and identify needs, as well as provide recommendation for addressing the needs.
The Global Environment Facility’s Small Grants ProgrammeIn Armenia, biodiversity conservation is applied mostly in Specially Protected Areas, which constitute about 10 percent of the territory and 60 percent of biodiversity species. More than 80 percent of lands are exposed to degradation, including contamination by chemicals and heavy metals. Despite the high cost of energy carriers in the country, the great potential of solar energy is not adequately utilized.