Green Urban Lighting

What we do

Typical inefficient high pressure sodium lamp and plastic fixture widely used in municipal street lighting sector

Urban lighting is the second largest source of municipal greenhouse gas emissions (after heating), accounting for about one third of municipalities’ GHG emissions and up to 50 percent of their electricity bill. Urban lighting costs of Armenian municipalities account for more than USD 5 million per annum (power costs and maintenance). The capital city of Yerevan has the largest energy consumption and saving potential in its lighting sector: it accounts for approximately 80 percent of all urban lighting energy use in the country.

The overarching goal of the project is to save energy and to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases by increasing energy efficiency of municipal lighting in the cities of Armenia via implementation of municipal investment programs and national policies. The project focuses on urban lighting sector, which covers all lighting installations managed and paid for by municipalities, such as lighting of streets, outside public areas, illumination of city buildings, lighting system in municipally-owned and operated buildings and facilities, and yards in residential areas.

To realize this objective the project will organize the following activities:

  • Audit of municipal lighting systems and capacity building for urban green lighting;

  • Implementation of a number of pilot green urban lighting demonstration projects;

  • Proposing institutional and financing mechanisms for sustainable replication of municipal energy efficient lighting programs;

  • Promoting energy efficiency in the lighting sector on the national level via development and implementation of broad policy instruments, including mandatory phase-out of inefficient incandescent lighting, technical standards, codes and regulations.

Some results so far

First light emitting diode based luminaries in Isakov Avenue, Yerevan, Armenia (in both directions of the road), “Green Urban Lighting” project

Based on the Statement of Intent between Yerevan city municipality and UNDP in Armenia, the lighting retrofit in Isakov Avenue and Tairov Street of Yerevan city with 482 LED fixtures was completed successfully. The inauguration ceremony was put in the context of “Earth Hour” international environmental event, held on 27 March. Annual GHG emission reduction is about 234 tCO2eq.

The second demonstration project in Yerevan city with 155 LED fixtures was performed for Zoological Garden in the frames of a larger-scale reconstruction and expansion programme implemented by the Yerevan Municipality. Annual GHG emissions reduction is about 9.5 tCO2eq.

The demonstration project in Alaverdi town ongoing according to the signed tripartite Statement of Intent between UNDP (55 LED luminaires), “French-Armenian inter-profes­sional network” NGO (15 LED luminaires) and Municipality (pole renovation and relevant matters) is in its final stage of implementation. Annual GHG emission reduction is about 10 tCO2eq.

Consultations were conducted with municipalities of Yerevan, Spitak, Alaverdi, Tashir, Stepanavan, Sevan, Abovyan and Hrazdan cities on their municipal plans on the improvement of the street urban lighting in their respective cities. Municipal programs for Alaverdi, Spitak, Goris and Stepanavan towns are underway.

Three-lateral Statement of Intent for establishment of a modern photometric testing laboratory is under negotiation to be signed between the Project, Adkars LLC (Reconstruction and Development Agency of Armenia) and State Engineering University of Armenia. Consultations with the Center of LED and optoelectronic technologies of National Academy of Sciences of Belarus continue to identify a list of required equipment and setting operational procedures for the said laboratory.

The Statements of Intents being signed with the respective Municipalities include a provision “to establish a special revolving fund for financing energy efficient technologies’ for introduction of outdoor lighting systems”. Consequently, the template of revolving fund concept, the respective procedure and methodology for fund operation/special account management were developed and provided to the respective cities/towns to ensure targeted and smooth management of the accumulated amounts emerged from demonstration project savings.

Who Finances it?

Global Environmental Facility






Government of Armenia (in-kind)



Delivery in previous fiscal year

December 2014 $ 468,000
Project start date:
November 2013
Estimated end date:
October 2017
Geographic coverage:
Focus Area:
Environment & Energy
MDG 7 - Ensuring environmental sustainability
Project Coordinator:
Diana Harutyunyan
RA Ministry of Nature Protection, Yerevan municipality
Project Related Documents
Inception Report
Project Document