Disaster Risk Reduction and Prevention
What we do
Lessons from a devastating earthquake in 1988 forced national authorities to reconsider its response to natural disasters in order to reduce related risks for people in Armenia. One of the 60 most disaster-prone countries in the world, Armenia faces a heightened risk of catastrophes including earthquakes, drought and flooding.
During the first years of independence, the country lacked common methodology for risk assessment and a unified system for the collection and use of risk management information. Even more, there was no leading organization or mechanism to coordinate disaster risk management activities in the country.
However, there was strong political will and commitment to initiate radical legal, regulatory and institutional changes to improve the national disaster management system, creating a culture of resilience among citizens and communities.
For a decade, UNDP has been promoting investment in disaster risk reduction by:
● Supporting the Ministry of Emergency Situations to establish and enhance national disaster management;
● Pushing for changes in disaster risk reduction institutional, legal and regulatory frameworks;
● Increasing national awareness to promote disaster preparedness and risk reduction;
● Building resilient communities through minimizing their exposure to disaster- and climate change-related risks, enhancing the local disaster management capacities and, eventually, introducing a community culture to better understand and cope with these risks,
● Implementing small-scale projects to mitigate the risks of disasters in disaster-prone communities.
Some results so far
The Ministry of Emergency Situations developed a National Disaster Risk Reduction Strategy and Action Plan and established a DRR National Platform that was officially adopted by the Government in 2010.
DRR Strategy and Hyogo Framework of Action countrywide implementation process was initiated through provision of practical tools and relevant guiding materials.
DRR Regional teams were established in 10 regions of Armenia aimed to provide the advice and support in DRR Strategy and HFA implementation.
In April 2011, the Minister of Emergency Situations issued a decree to introduce a decentralized disaster risk reduction system and appointed heads of the Ministry’s regional representatives to implement the HFA at the regional level.
Armenia is the first country to adopt UNDP’s capacity assessment methodology to the area of disaster risk reduction.
A new National Disaster Observatory and Crisis Management Center, operate under the Ministry of Emergency Situations, enabling 18 ministries to systemically collect, analyze share and interpret data. For example, using more than 30,000 units of data, hazard maps were created to pinpoint the potential for landslides, mudflows, floods, and earthquakes.
In June 2011, the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Armenia and the Ministry of Interior of Montenegro signed a Memorandum of Understanding and committed to strengthen cooperation in disaster management and response.
In 2011, the capital Yerevan, the second largest city Gyumri, as well as Alaverdi and Kapan signed the “Making Cities Resilient: My City is Getting Ready” campaign.
Local Level Risk Management (LLRM) module was elaborated and introduced in 40 communities of Armenia as a common tool to promote development of resilient communities in Armenia.
Community Risk Certificate is developed and introduced as a planning tool for mainstreaming the DRR into development
About 5,000 meters of drainage system and 500 metres of mudflow channels were cleaned in Ararat region, and about 1,500 metres of soil dam were built.
15.000 meters anti-hail nets were installed in Alvank, Aygehovit and Tavush communities as a new approach in decreasing the negative impact of hails and promoting climate risk impact mitigation culture at local level.
100 meters of gabion for river bank protection was constructed in Tasik community (Syunik region) to prevent the 35 hectares of agricultural area from floods and mudflow.
4km of dangerous road was cleaned from falling rocks in Haghpat community (Lori region) providing safety of one of the roads used intensively by the tourists.
In the framework of DRR National Platform and in cooperation with Crisis Management State Academy, educational package for decision makers aimed at community development - DRR related issues was developed, printed and distributed among 915 communities of Armenia.
More than 12,000 public information and awareness materials (handbooks, manuals, booklets, leaflets, posters) were distributed to the public. UNDP helped to coordinate public awareness campaigns in 40 communities.
Who Finances it?
Delivery in previous fiscal year
- Project start date:
- January 2011
- Estimated end date:
- December 2015
- Geographic coverage:
- Focus Area:
- Environment & Energy
- MDG 7 - Ensure environmental sustainability
- Project Coordinator:
- Armen Chilingaryan
- RA Ministry of Emergency Situations, DRR National Platform