6 Ensure environmental sustainability

Where we are

The pomegranate is one of the symbols of Armenia and represents fertility and abundance

Target 9: Integrate the Principles of Sustainable Development into Country Policies and Programs and Reverse the Loss of Environmental Resources.
Target 10: Increase Access to Safe Drinking Water
Target 11: Improve Housing Conditions by 2015

Achievement status:
Due largely to Armenia’s recent high GDP growth rates and increased economic activity the negative environmental impact from the exploitation of natural resources has grown.

The new challenges to reappraise the environmental management tools are stipulated by the National Program (2006) for the implementation of the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) between the European Union (EU) and Armenia. The adoption of the National Program commits the Government to harmonize the environmental legislation with EU directives, among other things.

The Kyoto Protocol under UNFCCC was ratified by the Armenian Parliament in December 2002 and since then Armenia has embarked on the development of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects.

Armenia joined the implementation process of the ODS replacement not so long ago, through ratifying the Vienna Convention on the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer only in 1999.

The adequate provision of water or regularity of centralized water supply is one of the biggest issues in Armenia. Although the duration of daily water supply was increased during the period from 1999 to 2007, it was estimated on average at 13.1 hours per day in 2007. Nevertheless, according to the ILCMS-2006, the average per capita daily consumption of water comprised 89.5 liters, which is higher than the minimum standard.

The ILCMS-2007 data revealed that the average per capita living floor space in the country is 15.3 square meters, which corresponds to 0.7 rooms per capita. This means that more than 1 person usually lives in one room. The situation is worst in urban areas and Yerevan, and the best in rural areas (12.7 vs. 19.9 square meters). The data analysis also revealed an obvious deprivation of the poor and extremely poor population in this regard. During the period from 2000 to 2007, the Government provided 16,000 homeless families in the earthquake zone with dwellings or certificates allowing them to improve their living conditions.

UNDP's work in Armenia

Targets for MDG7
  1. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources
  2. Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
    • Proportion of land area covered by forest and proportion of species threatened with extinction
    • CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP)
    • Consumption of ozone-depleting substances
    • Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits
    • Proportion of total water resources used
    • Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
    • Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source
    • Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility
  4. Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020
    • Proportion of urban population living in slums