6 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty

Where we are

On the crossroads

National Target 1: By 2015, Reduce the Poverty Level to Lower than in 1990
National Target 2: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the Proportion of People who suffer from Hunger

Achievement status:
In recent years, Armenia experienced a substantial reduction in poverty. The proportion of the population living below the national poverty line decreased more than two-fold from 1999 to 2008, from 56.1% to 23.5%.

In accordance with these positive trends, the proportion of the population below 4.30 USD (PPP adjusted) per day declined by 1.7 times (by 40.4%) from 1999 to 2008. Nevertheless, about 48% of the population in the country was below this poverty line in 2008. The per capita GDP level in the country more than doubled during the same period and comprised 5,789 PPP USD in 2008 which was 18.8% of the EU-27 average for the same year.

Despite these positive changes, there are significant regional disparities in the representation of the poor population across the country, which are explained by the regional territorial/geographical and demographic peculiarities and differences in economic development and infrastructure.

The post-crisis forecasts show that the absolute majority of these targets cannot be achieved by 2015, as a consequence of the crisis.

UNDP's work in Armenia

Targets for MDG1
  1. Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day
    • Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Poverty gap ratio
    • Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
  2. Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
    • Growth rate of GDP per person employed
    • Employment-to-population ratio
    • Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
    • Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age
    • Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption